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Grammar revision: Inversion of Subject and Verb – Инверсия в английском языке


На днях я решила освежить в памяти случаи инверсии в английском языке.

Как известно, английский язык отличается, в частности, от русского меньшей свободой в отношении порядка слов в предложении. Самым обычным и нормальным считается такой порядок, когда глагол следует за подлежащим. Однако, существует некоторое количество случаев инверсии, когда этот порядок нарушается и глагол выходит на переднюю позицию.

Вот что мне удалось собрать:

1. Questions

  • Where is my bag?
  • Have you seen it?

2. Sometimes after how in indirect questions (in formal writing; especially when the subject is long)

  • I wondered how reliable was the information I had been given.

3. Sometimes in exclamations

  • Was I mad! (AmE)
  • How beautiful is this place! (old-fashioned literary style)

4. May in wishes

  • May all your wishes come true!

5. There / here at the beginning of the sentence

  • There is no reason for such confusion.
  • Here is your change.

BUT: with pronouns → here it is; there she is!

6. Here comes / there goes + noun

  • Here comes the bus.
  • There goes the phone. Can you answer it?

7. In short answers and similar structures after so, neither, nor

  • I’m tired. – So am I.
  • I don’t believe him. – Neither /nor do I.

BUT: so + subject + auxiliary – to express surprised agreement

  • It’s raining. – Why, so it is!

8. After few, such, so, little at the beginning of the sentence (unless this words modify a noun)

  • So nervous was she that she couldn’t speak clearly.
  • Such was their astonishment that they didn’t stop asking questions.

9. After as and than in comparisons, with a noun subject (in formal language)

  • Ann decided to cancel the journey, as did John.
  • She was upset about the situation, as was Mary.
  • Research shows that parents watch more television than do their children.

BUT: with pronouns ↓

  • His parents now watch more television than they did a couple of years ago.

10. Sometimes in reporting, with a noun subject

  • ‘What did you say?’ asked Tom.
  • ‘We should book the tickets’ suggested Mary.

11. Prepositional phrase indicating location at the beginning of the sentence + intransitive main verb (often verbs indicating position or motion)

  • In the box were several old books.
  • On the corner stood his brother.

12. Participle + be

  • Standing on the corner was his brother.
  • Lying in the box were several old books.

13. After the adverbs expressing direction or movement, such as away (=off), alongdown, in, out, upoverround, etc. at the beginning, when the subject is a noun.

  • Down came the rain.
  • Away went the visitors.
  • In walked the doctor.
  • Round and round flew the plane.


  • Off we go!
  • Away they went.
  • Round and round it flew.

14. After a “negative” word or expression at the beginning of the sentence: never, hardlyseldomrarelybarelyscarcelynot only, not until, at no timenowherein no way, under no circumstances, etc.

  • Never has he faced so many problems at once.
  • At no time did they break the rules of the game.
  • Not only did the police arrive, but the firemen came too.
  • Not a single word did he say.

15. Restrictive expressions: after only + time expression / prepositional phrase

  • Only once was I late to class.
  • Only after he finished the projectdid he go on holiday.
  • Only when he apologises will I speak to him again.
  • Only by chance had he found the evidences.

16. In conditional sentences without if or unless (more formal)

  • Should he ask me, I would surely help him. / Were* he to ask me…
  • Were I in your shoes, I would apply for this position.
  • Had I known, I would have told you.
  • Should you change your mind, don’t hesitate to call me.

*were is also used with Iheshe and it

17. When a passive verb is split and the main verb begins the sentence

  • Held as hostages were several reporters.
  • Seen leaving the building were two masked hold-up men.

18. Literary sentences, e.g. beginning with an adjective (or past participle used like an adjective), and some other cases

  • Blessed are the children who are still unaware of what the future holds.
  • Gone are the days when she could have been happy.
  • Later came a message from his wife.

Возможно, чего-нибудь не хватает… Дополните? (:


1 ответ на “Grammar revision: Inversion of Subject and Verb – Инверсия в английском языке

  1. Уведомление: Grammar revision: if + will / won’t / would / should в условных конструкциях | ruspanglish

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